The effects of all psychoactive drugs occur through their interactions with our endogenous neurotransmitter systems many of these drugs, and their relationships, are shown in figure 1 as you have learned, drugs can act as agonists or antagonists of a given neurotransmitter system. In this article, learn about amphetamines and their effects, both positive and adverse amphetamines are highly addictive drugs that stimulate the central nervous system people with some. Because stimulants exert their effects in a dose-dependent manner, the route of administration has serious neurological, medical, psychiatric, and neurocognitive implications for the stimulant user and the treatment provider.
Effects of narcotics, other stimulants, and other depressants narcotics initially produce a feeling of euphoria that often is followed by drowsiness, nausea, and vomiting users also may experience constricted pupils, watery eyes, and itching. Stimulants and their effect on the developing brain in this study, researchers focused on three types of stimulant drugs: methylphenidate (ritalin and concerta), modaﬁnil (provigil), and ampakines. The therapeutic effects of stimulants are a direct expression of their toxicity animal and human research indicates that these drugs often suppress spontaneous and social behaviors while promoting obsessive compulsive behaviors.
These medications have many unpleasant side effects and there is a high potential for addiction if people abuse cns stimulants they run the risk of destroying their mental and physical health central nervous system explained. The euphoric effects of stimulants are the result of the substance disrupting the regular functioning of the brain causing an abrupt increase in the production of dopamine dopamine is the chemical in the brain that is responsible for producing pleasure, happiness and euphoria. Drugs make their effects known by acting to enhance or interfere with the activity of neurotransmitters and receptors within the synapses of the brain some neurotransmitters carry inhibitory messages across the synapses, while others carry excitatory messages. The drugs are not always distinguishable by their color, odor, or taste the cns effects increases heat rate, respiration, pulse, blood pressure , and temperature leading to possible stroke, convulsions, heart attack, respiratory failure, or coma.
Top 10 drugs and their effects 1358 words | 6 pages top 10 drugs and their effects drug abuse is a very common problem in most countries so it seemed like a good topic for a list this is a list of ten of the most abused drugs and the effects they have on people 1 heroin heroin is an opiate processed directly from the extracts of the opium poppy. Physical side effects stimulants like adderall raise body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, and repeated use or abuse, particularly in high doses, can create a range of medical issues from a stroke to a seizure to a heart attack. Health effects can include diseases of the liver or the lungs, cancer, deaths and injuries caused by accidents, overdoses, suicide, and assaults examples of social effects include arrests, the breaking up of relationships, as well as neglect of work and family duties. Addiction affects someone's personality and behaviour in a variety of ways although this very much depends upon the type of substance used and the amount their psychological make up before the addiction and physical health and their lifestyle. Essay smoking and the effects on the heart has called it the leading preventable cause of disease and deaths in the united states smoking is among the top preventable risk factors of heart disease amongst many other health problems.
Clinicians routinely have to summarize the risks and benefits of stimulant medication to their patients parents are often as concerned about whether stimulants will have any long-term beneficial or detrimental effects, as they are about the immediate effects of medication. Stimulants are generally abused for their euphoric, energetic effects in the short term, stimulant effects can be very pleasurable and may include 2, 5 : intense feelings of happiness. Stimulant abuse can cause immediate and long-term effects on a person's health understanding the symptoms of a stimulant addiction can help determine if you or someone you know has a problem there are 11 criteria for an addiction as outlined by the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Multiple papers recommend that college-based health services educate their students with adhd about the risks of personal misuse and/or diversion of prescribed stimulants.
Home » effects of drugs » drug use and families they don't see that they are hurting their family other people who are addicted to drugs are aware of the. Benzodiazepines are used for their euphoric effects and may be combined with alcohol or cocaine to offset certain undesirable effects or augment the intoxicating effect of the other drug drivers abusing these drugs have a significantly greater risk of having an accident, especially when young. Androgenic effects are responsible for male traits, such as facial hair and a deeper voice some athletes take straight testosterone to boost their performance frequently, the anabolic steroids that athletes use are synthetic modifications of testosterone. This essay will (essay thesis, or outline) drug abuse is rife in many countries billions of dollars are spent internationally preventing drug use, treating addicts, and fighting drug-related crimealthough drugs threaten many societies, their effects can also be combated successfully.
The drugs can be separated into six key pharmacological classes based on their desired behavioral or psychological effect: alcohol, sedative-hypnotics, hallucinogens, narcotic analgesics, stimulant-euphoriants, and psychotropic drugs. But with performance-enhancing stimulants, they effects are less noticeable because most people can function normally while on it that is, until they're negatively affected by side-effects or a variety of other medical conditions, and that's just the list of short-term effects. Short term side effects, and possible side effects due to long-term use for example, the 1 schwarz and cohen tabulate data from the 2011‐2012 wave of the national survey of children's.