Encomienda to hacienda and latifundio in latin america the encomienda system developed in the antilles (the islands of the west indies except the bahamas) when the group of settlers columbus. It was a system of colonization used by the empire of spain when the spanish conquered the natives in the caribbean, south america, and later the philippines, these natives were required to pay. The encomienda system granted land to spanish with total control over local people this was one of the factors that led to the decline of the taino people of the caribbean how did pizarro conquer the inca empire with 180 men. The system is where a piece of land was given to a spaniard and this land was to be worked by the amerindians.
Overview of spanish control of the americas through the use of the encomienda system. Encomienda became a system of slavery and exploitation after the spanish depleted the gold deposits, the conquistadors moved throughout the caribbean repeating the entire process that they had established in. Firstly, the exploitation of labour of the caribbean with reference to the encomienda labours system the encomienda system was a trusteeship labour system employed by the spanish crown the spanish crown utilized the encomienda system during its conquests and colonization of the americas as a way to compensate those who conquered native lands. Nicolás de ovando, (born c 1451, brozas, castile [spain]—died c 1511), spanish military leader and first royal governor of the west indieshe was the first to apply the encomienda system of indian forced labour, which became widespread in spanish america, and he founded a stable spanish community in santo domingo that became a base and model for later settlement.
Firstly the exploitation of the caribbean with reference to the encomienda labor system this system was created in 1512 by the spanish to control and regulate american indian labors (arawaks/tainos) during the colonization of the americas. In the early years in the caribbean, the spanish established the encomienda system granting subjects the right to control the labor and collect tribute from indian communities as a reward of their service to the spanish crown. Between the encomienda system and chattel slavery question 6 this question required candidates to discuss the reasons for the success of the haitian revolution of. Encomienda, in colonial spanish america, legal system by which the spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indian population in its american coloniesit was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from muslims and jews during the reconquista (reconquest) of muslim spain. Prior to the spanish colonization of the americas, slavery was a common institution among various pre-columbian indigenous peoplesthe spanish conquest and settlement in the new world quickly led to large-scale subjugation of indigenous peoples, mainly of the native caribbean people, by columbus on his four voyages.
The encomienda was a dependency relation system, that started in spain during the roman empire, where the stronger people protected the weakest in exchange for a service. The encomienda system was devised to meet the needs of the early agricultural economies in the caribbean and later it was adapted to the mining economy of peru. Encomienda system established social and racial relations as the basis for the economic and political order in the spanish areas of the americas derived from the spanish verb encomendar (to entrust a mission for someone to fulfill), the mission of the encomienda was to care for and protect. The history of the caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour - with reference to slavery and the encomienda labour system in the above statement the history of the caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour, it simply states that the caribbean's history is basically the history of its exploitation of. Amerindians became the conquered race subjected to spanish rule, domination and oppression resulting in destruction of their culture (assimilation), new language, religion, technology, tools, food, animals etc spanish greed resulted in the enslavement of tainos under the encomienda system: noblemen were granted lands under repartimiento and.
The encomienda system had been used in feudal spain during the reconquest and had survived in some form ever since in the americas, the first encomiendas were handed out by christopher columbus in the caribbean. The history of the caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour - with reference to slavery and the encomienda labour system in the above statement the history of the caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour, it simply states that the caribbean's history is basically the history of its exploitation of labour. Encomienda (spanish pronunciation: [eŋkoˈmjenda]) was a spanish labor system it rewarded conquerors with the labor of particular groups of subject people it was first established in spain during the roman period, but used also following the christian conquest of muslim territories.
Encomienda encomienda is a spanish word meaning commission it refers to a system that was used by spain in the new world to reward the conquistadors (conquerors) the encomienda dates back to earlier times. Encomienda system in the caribbean high school classes, filipino students are generally taught that an encomienda was a piece of land given to a spaniard for a certain period of time. The encomienda system was officially abolished in 1717, but it continued in outlying regions until mexico achieved independence in the 1820s minerals the other aspect of the spanish colonial economy was the exploitation of land. The encomienda system rewarded spanish conquerors by allowing them exact both labor and tribute from defeated moorish populations, while requiring the encomenderos to look after the physical and spiritual welfare of their workers.
His efforts to end the encomienda system of land ownership and forced labor culminated in 1550, when charles v convened the council of valladolid in spain to consider whether spanish colonists had the right to enslave indians and take their lands. Get an answer for 'reason for the migration of the indigenous people to the caribbean and the subsequent impact of the spanish and english settlement' and find homework help for other history. This encomienda system had impacted the spanish speaking caribbean countries in both good and bad ways, whereas the demography of these islands are quite diverse due to the reception of the african slaves that mixed with the amerindians, and later on the spaniards that interbred with both african and amerindian slaves which had slowly become. The encomienda system, meanwhile, led to the dislocation of the political organization and the social dismemberment of the original indigenous communities in the caribbean at the time of contact with the europeans.