China, officially the people's republic of china (prc), is a sovereign state in east asia it is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 135 billion. Pettis argues that the chinese economy is following the example of many countries that came before, like the soviet union following world war ii, the brazilian economy in the 1970s, and japan in. Overview world war ii effectively stopped the world between 1939 and 1945to this day, it remains the most geographically widespread military conflict the world has ever seen. After the korean war began in june 1950, china led the communist bloc in supporting north korea, and on nov 26, 1950, the mao regime sent troops to assist the north in its efforts to capture the south. The communists and kmt were again temporarily allied during eight years of war with japan (1937-1945), but shortly after the end of world war two, civil war broke out between them.
After japan's defeat at the end of world war ii in 1945, general order no 1 instructed japan to surrender its troops in taiwan to chiang kai-shek on 25 october 1945, kmt general chen yi acted on behalf of the allied powers to accept japan's surrender and proclaimed that day as taiwan retrocession day. After world war ii, the civil war between the ruling kuomintang and the communist party of china resumed, despite attempts at mediation by the united states the nationalist government began drafting the constitution of the republic of china under a national assembly, but was boycotted by the communists. Following world war ii and the advent of the nuclear age, a confrontation between the soviet union and the united states took center stage as this cold war got under way, the two countries emerged as superpowers with much of the rest of the world falling in behind one or the other.
The war of resistance against japan (world war ii in east asia) begins with marco polo bridge incident (7/7/37) kmt government retreats to chongqing in southwest flight of refugees to chongqing & yan'an. The ambitious japan, an ally of britain since 1902, wasted no time in entering the fray, declaring war on germany on august 23, 1914 and immediately plotting to capture tsingtao, the biggest german overseas naval base, located on the shantung peninsula in china, by amphibious assault. After the world war ii ended, the chinese civil war was back on mao and the communists were ultimately victorious, and chiang kai-shek ended up in taiwan and then it got weird. After 1965, the sino-soviet split was an established fact, and the onset of mao's cultural revolution severed all contact between the two countries, and indeed between mainland china and most of the rest of the world.
After world war ii the tension burst out into the open in the february 28th incident of 1947 , when a small incident in taipei led to large-scale demonstrations the kuomintang was initially taken aback, but secretly sent troops from china, which started to round up and execute a whole generation of leading figures, students, lawyers, doctors. Wang kemin retained power as chairman of the north china political council, as well as becoming internal affairs minister in the nanjing nationalist government wang was arrested by the government of the republic of china after the surrender of japan and tried for treason. Surveys on religion in china conducted in the years 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2011 by the chinese general social survey (cgss) of the renmin university found that people self-identifying as christians were, respectively for each year, 21%, 22%, 21% and 26% of the total population.
World war ii saw a serious erosion of power for the kuomintang, while the communists expanded their membership, military force, and territory the kuomintang was split into factions severe inflation, official corruption, and loss of morale further weakened the government. After wwii, a civil war broke out and the kmt government lost to the ccp and the remaining kmt government moved to taiwan in 1949 hence is called taiwan for short and the name is easy to differentiate its status from any confusion with china or the people's republic of china. Nsc-68, 1950 national security council paper nsc-68 (entitled united states objectives and programs for national security and frequently referred to as nsc-68) was a top-secret report completed by the us department of state's policy planning staff on april 7, 1950.
As the united states was drawn into world war ii, china became an important theatre in the war against the japanese in 1942 us general joseph stillwell was sent to china to assist with training, reorganisation and equipment. The chinese civil war took place over a long period of time between 1927 and 1950 the war was interrupted when japan invaded china in 1936 and by world war ii the war was fought between the nationalist government of china, also called the kuomintang (kmt), and the communist party of china (cpc. The government of chiang kai-shek, based in taiwan, was recognized by the united states, and most of the rest of the world, as the only legitimate government of the nation of china until after the death of chiang kai-shek.